Differences between business days, and calendar days
Differences between business days, and calendar days, Know the differences between working, business and calendar days to avoid labor disputes and administrative incidents.
- Both to plan vacations and to interact with the administration, it is important that you identify with certainty what the business days are.
- However, not everyone knows the difference between business, business and calendar days. A fundamental question is to be able to move without problems in the administrative world.
Every year, the General State Administration, as well as that of the autonomous communities and town councils, draw up an official work calendar.
The main objective is that both companies and professionals can establish, in accordance with the law, vacations for the workforce or the annual distribution of holiday working days.
And also to know how to identify non-working days taking into account the legal or agreed maximum working day.
The first step to avoiding setbacks when requesting vacations or requesting a benefit is to know how to differentiate between working, working, and calendar days.
In this article, we explain what they are and what their differences are.
Share! Knowing the difference between natural, business, and working days guarantee you to avoid errors in your transactions with the administration.
Why is it important to know exactly the difference between terms?
Knowing how to differentiate between calendar and business days is essential,
for example, to know delivery times for a document, whether judicial or administrative.
Also to keep up to date with any resolution of the different administrations.
That a Saturday is not working does not mean that it is not working:
it will depend on the company or sector in which you work.
Likewise, in order to guarantee the certainty in the identification of non-working days,
the Public Administrations are obliged to set the calendar of non-working days (such as holidays) for the purpose of calculating deadlines,
in their respective field, and subject to the calendar official job.
The working days depending on the company in which we work since each company establishes its own calendar.
Definition of working, calendar, and business days
As we have already pointed out, not everyone knows the difference between these terms.
Very attentive to the following lines, where we define them for you.
1. Calendar days
Without a doubt, this is the term that causes fewer mistakes because it is very simple to understand.
When we talk about calendar days, we mean every day of the year, including holidays.
Therefore, a year has 365 calendar days (366 if it is a leap year).
2. working days
The working (or working) days are those days in which work is carried out, excluding Sundays and holidays.
For legal purposes,
Saturdays are also considered business days depending on the sector or company in which the professional activity is carried out,
but the most common is that Monday through Friday is considered business days.
In conclusion, Sundays and holidays are excluded as working days.
3. Business days
Knowing this term allows you to know which days are apt to carry out certain administrative acts,
as well as to know exactly the calculation of deadlines for requests, responses, and other procedures.
Unification of criteria to establish business days
- With the aim of unifying criteria, depending on the type of administration in which we found ourselves,
Saturday was considered a business and in others,
it was not, Law 39/2015 on common administrative procedure introduces an important change in the consideration of calendar or business days.
What days are considered business days and non-business days according to L 39/2015?
- Business days are, currently, and after the reform of the Common Administrative Procedure Law (39/2015),
from Monday to Friday. Therefore, Saturday is no longer considered a business.
- This means that, for all purposes, Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays are non-business days.
Business and non-business days: terms and deadlines
- The chapter dedicated to administrative terms and deadlines in the L39/2015 establishes that,
unless otherwise provided by law or EU law,
when the deadlines are indicated by days, it is understood that they are working days,
excluding from the calculation on Saturdays, Sundays, and those declared holidays, which are considered non-working days.
- In addition, when the last day of a period is not a business day, it will be automatically extended to the next business day.
In Spain, working days are Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, unless one of them is a holiday, at the national, regional, or local level.
Now that you know the differences between working, business, and natural days,
you can not only plan your vacations or prepare a work calendar for your company in accordance with the law,
but you will also know how to interact perfectly with the administration in terms of terms and deadlines. , and without errors!